Are you aware that having diabetes increases the risk of contracting a number of eye-related conditions? These conditions include cataracts, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, plus many other conditions that, even though they may be seemingly unrelated to your sight, can still impact your vision.
Diabetic retinopathy, which occurs when high blood glucose levels cause harm to the blood vessels in the retina. It can also lead to blindness in adults.
While cataracts, which lead to vision impairment, and are a common result of old age, a lot of people aren't aware that diabetes can lead to the early development of them.
Your chances of developing glaucoma, another condition that can result in blindness, double when you've got diabetes. Glaucoma forms due to escalating pressure in the eye, resulting in damage of nerves in the eye and loss of vision.
All individuals with diabetes, regardless of if it is type 1 or type 2 - are at a heightened chance of developing diabetic eye disease, even more so if their diabetes isn't properly dealt with. Other risks include:
- High cholesterol
- High blood pressure
- Poor diet
- Lack of exercise
- Race (Hispanics and African Americans may be more vulnerable to vision loss and diabetic retinopathy).
Symptoms of diabetic eye diseases often fluctuate with blood sugar levels. These often include the following:
- Double vision
- Blind spots or blurry vision
- Seeing floaters, or shadow in the field of view
- Trouble with near vision
- Corneal abrasions
It's essential to be aware that diabetic eye disease can develop prior to its symptoms even being noticed.
Detecting the condition before these symptoms surface can often mean the difference between retaining and losing vision, and is often a prerequisite for preventing subsequent deterioration of vision and recovery of sight. For this reason, people with diabetes need to go get a yearly eye exam, to make sure that everything is running smoothly. If you suffer from diabetes, it's so important to make sure you know about diabetic eye disease. A yearly eye exam, and positive lifestyle choices, can save your vision.